唐诗三百首



世俗儿童就学,即授千家诗,取其易于成诵,故流传不废。但其诗随手掇拾,工拙莫辩,且止五七律绝二体,而唐宋人又杂出其间,殊乖体制。因专就唐诗中脍炙人口之作,择其尤要者,每体得数十首,共三百馀首,录成一编,为家塾课本,俾童而习之,白首亦莫能废,较千家诗不远胜耶!谚云:熟读唐诗三百首,不会吟诗也会吟。请以是编验之。

——蘅塘退士唐诗三百首序
唐诗三百首

300 Tang poems


In Chinese literature, the Tang period (618-907) is considered the golden age of Chinese poetry. Tang Shi San Bai Shou [300 Tang Poems] is a compilation of poems from this period made around 1763 by Heng-tang-tui-shi [Sun Zhu] of the Qing dynasty. Sun's motivation for compiling the collection sprang from his dissatisfaction with the then popular textbook, the Qian Jia Shi [Poems by A Thousand Poets], an earlier collection from the Tang and Sung (960-1279) periods . Sun made his own selection of Tang poems based on their popularity and effectiveness in cultivating character. Because it represented equally well each of the classical poetic forms and because it represented the best works by the most prominent Tang poets, Sun's collection became a "best seller" soon after its publication. It has been used for centuries since to teach elementary students to read and write, and also in cultivating character. Sun's collection is still a classic today, its popularity undiminished. Nearly every Chinese household owns a copy of Tang Shi and poems from it are still included in textbooks and to be memorized by students. We would like to make this World Wide Web version of the poems as a testimony to its compiler's intent : " Learning Tang poems three hundred by heart, you can chant poems though you know not the art ."
 
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